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How to Invest in the Stock Market

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‘Put not your trust in money but put your money in trust’ Oliver Holmes

Investing in the stock market might seem like a very puzzling and confusing idea for some people, but with the proper knowledge and tools, you can get involved in it with minimal risk. Several individuals in the world rose from rags to riches from educating themselves about the mechanism of the stock market and how to invest in it smartly. So if you’re enthused about the concept but don’t know where to start, the following should smooth the path for you.

Basic Stock Market Facts You Should Know

Some historians say that the origin of the stock market started early in the 11th century in Cairo where Muslim and Jewish merchants had established every form of trade association and were familiar of all methods relating to credit and payment, contrary to the popular belief that this was invented by Italians. Now that you have a glimpse about the origin, you should learn that that a stock is the capital raised by a corporate entity through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest, so you become a part owner of the company once you buy a stock. There are two types of stock; common stock and preferred stock. Majority of people hold common stocks which has voting rights, along with the right to share in dividends. The rise and fall of stocks we often hear about always refer to common stock. Preferred stock seems superior in name but has fewer rights than common stock, except that companies which issue such stocks normally pay consistent dividends and preferred stock has first call on dividends over common stock.

What kind of Investor are you?

You should determine goals behind your investment are and if you will be able to handle all sorts of risk. You can acquire all the information there is about investments and you can have the best financial professional, but how you feel about money and what you believe about money, will govern how you invest it. There are several types of investors that exist in the stock market. Investors use the stock market to build their investment portfolio so that they can see a long term profit that takes place over a long period of time. Someone who is just using the stock market to make money quickly for a short period of time is called a "trader".

Creating Your Portfolio

After setting your objectives and how much you are willing to invest, you are ready to create your portfolio. You need to create a broadly diversified portfolio, so you can minimize and spread your risk over a variety of investments. Enthusiasm sometimes can lead to loss. There’s a golden rule among investors that an investor should not be more enthused to the company than its owner! In other words, putting your money in a single company, or even a single business, can be a grave mistake. You can collect stocks of companies that operate in the sectors of banking, insurance, industry and services in the same portfolio together. The main objective behind creating a portfolio is that the investor should always prepare for the worst, so that losses in one or two sectors cannot affect the whole portfolio’s performance significantly.

Monitor the Progress of Your Investments:

It is important to regularly review your portfolio to determine if the value of your investments is increasing. Compare your returns with similar investments and investigate all the facts. Also, make any necessary adjustments to your portfolio if you feel that such changes are needed. Relocate money among your investments to reflect any changes in your investing approach.

Cash is King

When you decide to invest, make sure that you always keep enough funds on an instant access account to meet any sudden emergencies, for example repairs to your home, a sudden medical expense… etc. You may think that this goes without saying but you would be amazed to know the number of people who fail to keep this simple rule.


A transaction that reduces the risk of an investment... 

Financial Glossary 


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