The presidents agreed that more robust economic and social policies were needed to reach marginalized groups who fed the violence. These included housing jobs and better education including the ''need to instill values and principles'' to counteract the gang culture. These should be addressed jointly on a regional level.
Former president Cerezo observed that the Esquipulas agreements of 1986 and 1987 laid a stable political foundation for the development of democracy. Today a stable foundation for the investment that could fuel economic growth is needed. He proposed that the same model of regional dialog and cooperation that produced the 1986-7 agreements could be used today. The process could even be called Esquipulas III & IV. He urged the group to promote this approach to the current presidents.
Other former presidents attending were Laura Chinchilla of Costa Rica and Nicolas Ardito of Panama. The forum was organized by the Latin American Presidential Mission with support from OAS the Global Peace Foundation The Esquipulas Foundation and Guatemala''s Foreign Ministry.
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