Quotes: US MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

Palestine and the Syrian 'Baath' revolution  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Arab News - 01/10/2012

No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!


 


(MENAFN - Arab News) There is no justification in saying that after more than a year and a half of killing and bloodshed, the Syrian regime has failed to realize that it does not govern on behalf of the people. This regime has been aware of this even before the revolution began as confirmed by attempted coups, assassinations and imprisonments, as well as the revolution of Hama in 1982. For more than four decades, political language had no role in relations between the regime and the Syrian people. The only language dominant in this relationship was and still is the language of violence and blood. Contrary to the regime's assertion of restoring calm through decisive and minimally invasive action, it still proceeds to govern, but against a backlog of blood, injustice and oppression. Thus the illusion that Assad's troops are restoring calm exists only in the imagination of a regime that has lost its political sense. Note that the revolution is not in fact supported by any real military support from Arab and non-Arab opponents of the regime, but only sumptuous political support and limited financial support. Even Syrian refugees who fled the horrors of the "security solution" suffer greatly, particularly in Jordan and Lebanon.

On the other hand, the regime enjoys political, financial and military support from Iran, as well as from the Lebanese Hezbollah and from Russia and China. However, all this support is of no avail. It is already beyond the Hama phase, where the regime at the time was able to settle the matter to its advantage. The regime may discover that force is still a part of the equation until it is drained from the support of its allies in Tehran, who now find themselves under tight sanctions that come face-to-face with two imperatives: An enriched nuclear program, and the survival of the "axis alliance." The dilemma, however, is neither of these two imperatives can exist without each other, and such is most likely the real reason behind leaving the revolution to its capabilities so far.

How has Syria reached this current predicament? This has greatly to do with the fact that Syria, like the rest of the Arab countries, is still living in the throes of a pre-state status. This is greatly ironic, as Syria's history of urbanization, cities, and the state is dated and Syrians boast much about this history without exceeding any limits of pride. Yet, the current revolution points to a different historical shift. In Syrian history, the names of many of the events, ideas, leaderships and homelands stand out; nowadays, Palestine, the Syrian Baath Party and the Revolution come to the forefront. So what combines Palestine and the Syrian Baath revolution? Firstly: The Levant region, known for its long history, complex social structure, confused culture and strategic location. All the discourses that have found place in the Levant, including Islamic, Leftist and Baathist- reflect the confused political culture of this region: Confusion between Islam and Arabism, between nationalism and sectarian affiliation, between national ambition and the reality of overlapping dependence on family and community, and between yearning for liberation from colonialism and the dream of political leadership that defends community rights and family prestige. All this belongs to the pre-state phase and combines three elements. Secondly: The suffocating stalemate that sparked the revolution, visible to all, which the regime has since expanded. Neither the capacity of the revolution can bring down the regime, nor can the regime and its enormous military capability - relative to that of the revolution - crush the revolution. Usually, political stagnation and deadlock in major conflicts, such as the Syrian revolution, are the result of the balance of military power on the ground, but the balance of military power in Syria these days tends to benefit the regime in a clear and flagrant manner. Regardless, there exists a devastating stagnation, indicating that the system has lost all elements of non-military power, including public support, legitimacy and regional and international protection. The regime depends on the idea of a coalition of minorities, internally and regionally, known as the "resistance alliance", but it is not more than a transparent cover for its policies and options that have nothing to do with the resistance. On the other hand, the stalemate within the Syrian crisis relates to the political and moral responsibility of the regime and the outcome of the matters. The regime is the stronger party, controlling the resources of the state and it was the regime that initiated a grotesque security solution when revolution broke out in Deraa. Doing so indicates the regime's assumption of being able to nip the revolution from the beginning, as was done in Hama in 1982. Yet, the solution lacked decisiveness and the revolution became elusive. When protests began to widen, the regime could have accommodated such events by taking initiative and replacing the security solution with a real political solution, but, as we saw, the regime, with its sectarian structure, security nature, close regional alliances, proved unable to offer realistic, non-cosmetic reforms.

While the revolution wants to overthrow the regime, the system remains adamant on staying at any cost. The last to realize the impasse was representative of the Arab League and the United Nations, Lakhdar Brahimi, who stated that the situation in Syria no longer requires reform, but rather real change, which would not be possible with the survival of Assad and the other leaders of the regime who put Syria in its current predicament.
What most importantly and dangerously combines the aforementioned three elements nowadays is that they are all victims of a devastating idea that began in the Levant and spread to the rest of the Arab world. It is the idea and the illusion of "liberating Palestine prior to deciding the fate of the state leading the liberation." The Palestinian issue is, by and large an Arab issue, and it has a great historical symbolism in Arab conscience, but transforms from time to time into the ransom of all causes and that the Syrian regime no doubt uses as a cover-up. Since 1948, Arabs have rushed for the liberation of Palestine, only to fail again and again. Not only did they fail in the option of war, but also in the option of negotiations and peace. All these indicate that the Arabs were not prepared, neither intellectually nor politically, to manage such a conflict.

Liberation can be achieved either through a genuine liberation movement or by a real state, or a combination of both. This is what has been lacking in the Arab experience, especially in the Levant. There was a liberation movement, but there were no state. Instead, there was a shabby political system combined of factionalism and tyranny. The movement aligned with tyranny, and each offering what it has to the other, without being dominated each other. The clan and the community continued to maintain their privileges, especially those with high political connections. But Arab-Israeli conflict is a conflict of countries and wills; It was not alike on the Arab side. The conflict transformed with time to be a cover for group interests, for aspirations of an individual for leadership, and for minority coalitions. Accordingly, Palestine became a justification for despotism and inheritance in Syria under the slogan of "resistance and opposition". In that regard, it is striking a coalition in a religious state that adopts the sectarian "Welayat-e faqih", with a supposedly secular state rule in the name of the Baath Party. On the surface it appears to be a political alliance, but at the roots it is a sectarian alliance for political purposes. Overnight, the "Baath's" nationalism and secularism " together with the leftists and Nasiriyah " was a cover for factional struggles in Syria stretching from the late forties to early seventies. With the control of power by the Alawite officers in Syria, the Baath Party eroded and was replaced by the slogan of resistance, originally a Baath slogan itself.

What are the implications of all of this? It is that history repeats itself, Syria today is back to what it was as a city of conflict, after attempting for three decades to be merely an edge it it, rather than a cause for it. This time around, the nature of the conflict has changed. No longer do the military, the elite of the cities, or the parties monopolize the political conflict. The Syrian revolution began in the countryside and crawled to the cities entering through the wide spectrum of people: The farmer, the liberal, the Islamic, the student and the worker. There are no longer strong parties or influential political leaders, nor leftist or nationalist theories and seminars that attract people. Change is the motto of the scene, and it's the minimum requirement for everyone. The regime is alone observant to its old motto of "resistance." Hafez Assad re-build the regime in the abyss of the conflicts of the last century, and re-built it again after his 'corrective' movement. The problem that faces his heir today is that, despite his education, he is not yet aware that the events in Deraa were the first indication that the regime established by his father has exhausted and expired. Everyone was aware of this, even the Palestinians within Syria and beyond. It is only Bashar Assad, and those around him, that remain insistent on killing and bloodshed.

 






  MENA News Headlines
Apr 16 2014Dubai's Takaful may post profit for Q1 ,MENAFN
(MENAFN) Dubai-based Islamic insurer Takaful Emarat said it forecasts a profit for the first three months of this year and an annual profit by the end of the coming December for the first time since ...

Apr 16 2014Saudi oil exports reach USD77 b in Q1 ,MENAFN
(MENAFN) Saudi exports of crude oil reached over 715.72 million barrels in the first three months of the current year, according to Arab News. The amount of oil exports of the kingdom was ...

Apr 16 2014Saudi Electricity Company to launch 17 projects ,MENAFN
(MENAFN) Saudi Electricity Company plans 17 new projects across the kingdom to meet the growing demand on energy and electricity, according to Arab News. The projects are estimated at as much as ...

Apr 16 2014Erotic art offers glimpse of China's 'lost' sexual philosophy ,AFP
(MENAFN - AFP) Ancient paintings of fornicating Chinese couples and phalluses made of stone are among items that Dutch art collector Ferdinand Bertholet hopes will help China reconnect with its ...

Apr 16 2014Cash-rich global firms face calls to crack open war chests ,AFP
(MENAFN - AFP) Impatient shareholders are calling on the world's top firms to start spending some of the eye-popping $2.8 trillion in cash built up since the financial crisis, as analysts warn that ...

Apr 16 2014Russian sanctions would destroy Cyprus economy FM ,AFP
(MENAFN - AFP) Economic sanctions by Europe against Russia "would destroy Cyprus's economy," Nicosia's foreign minister Ioannis Kasoulides said in a German newspaper interview published ...

Apr 16 2014Supermarket Tesco announces annual net profit of £974m ,AFP
(MENAFN - AFP) Supermarket group Tesco, Britain's biggest retailer, on Wednesday announced a massive jump in annual net profits, but its underlying performance showed a fall. Tesco said profit ...

Apr 16 2014Chinese, Russian FMs discuss Ukraine ,Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov called for the interests of all parties in the in Ukraine's crisis to be respected, ...

Apr 16 2014Kuwait- GIC chief participates in ABANA Summit panel discussions ,Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Shafic Ali, head of the Principal Investments Group at Gulf Investment Corporation (GIC) late Tuesday participated in a panel discussion on (Emerging Trends in ...

Apr 16 2014Two people dead, 107 missing in S. Korea sunken ferry ,Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) A passenger ship carrying more than 470 people, mostly high school students, sank off South Korea's southern coast on Wednesday, leaving at least two people dead ...

Apr 16 2014Today in Kuwait's history ,Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) 1961 -- First edition of "Al-Rai Al-Aam" newspaper hit the stands. 1962 -- Kuwait joined the United Nations (UN) Commission on Narcotic Drugs. 1972 -- The Amir ...

Apr 16 2014EU voices concern over increase of terrorist attacks in Nigeria ,Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) EU High Representative for foreign affairs and security policy Catherine Ashton late Tuesday "strongly condemned" the abduction of more than 100 school girls in ...

Apr 16 2014Reporters Without Borders says three more pressmen killed in Syria ,Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Three more journalists have been killed by gunfire in the Syrian town of Maaloula, north of the capital Damascus, press freedom organisation Reporters Without ...

Apr 16 2014Afghanistan- Security directorate opens ,The Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Afghan National Army soldiers and their Nato counterparts attend the opening ceremony of National Directorate of Security funded by the US in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province, ...

Apr 16 2014India- Varun has betrayed the Gandhi family, says Priyanka ,The Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Priyanka Gandhi Vadra yesterday slammed estranged cousin Varun Gandhi for the second time in three days, criticising him for siding with the BJP, and "betraying the ...

Apr 16 2014India- Campaigning ends for sixth phase polling ,The Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Campaigning came to an end yesterday for the sixth phase of general elections that will decide the fate of 122 Lok Sabha seats across 10 states, including West Bengal and ...

Apr 16 2014India- Fire escape ,The Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Afirefighter wearing a fire suit walks through a wall of flames during a demonstration of their skills for Fire Safety Week in Bhubaneswar yesterday. Fire Safety Week runs ...

Apr 16 2014India- Modi attacks Rahul over 'toffee model', regrets targeting PM ,The Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) "In such a big election, first they spoke of balloons and now toffees... If he gets a toffee, his day is made. But in my childhood, I never even knew what a toffee was. I ...

Apr 16 2014UN warns Nepal over civil war crime amnesty ,The Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Nepal would weaken the foundations of "genuine and lasting" peace after a decade-long civil war if it gave amnesties for serious crimes committed during the conflict, the top ...

Apr 16 2014Japan- Lunar eclipse ,The Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Partial lunar eclipse is seen atop an antenna on the roof of a high-rise building in Tokyo yesterday. ...

more...


 






Google

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country
Marketwatch News
UPI News
Comtex News

IPO News
Islamic Finance News
Private Equity News

How-To Guides
Technology Section

Travel Section

Search News

Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

US Markets Details

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Investment Game
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary

My MENAFN
Portfolio Tracker

Voting

Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2000 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help