Quotes: US MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

Georgia ex-President Shevardnadze dies  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Arab News - 08/07/2014
No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!



(MENAFN - Arab News) TBILISI Georgia: Eduard Shevardnadze a groundbreaking Soviet foreign minister and later the president of an independent Georgia died Monday at the age of 86 his spokeswoman said.

Marina Davitashvili said Shevardnadze died after a long illness. She did not say where he died.

Shevardnadze swept heroically across the international stage in the final years of the Soviet empire helping topple the Berlin Wall and end the Cold War but as the leader of post-Soviet Georgia his career in the public eye ended in humiliation and he was chased out of his Parliament and forced into retirement.

As Soviet foreign minister the white-haired man with a gravelly voice was the diplomatic face of Mikhail Gorbachev's liberalizing policies of glasnost and perestroika. Following the wooden Andrei Gromyko Shevardnadze impressed Western leaders with his charisma his quick wit and his commitment to Gorbachev's reform course.

'He made a large contribution to the foreign affairs policy of perestroika and he was a true supporter of new thinking in global affairs" Gorbachev told Interfax Monday.

'His appointment as the foreign minister was unexpected for many people but he capably conducted affairs in that post and it wasn't for nothing that he was valued by diplomats his comrades at work and foreign partners." Shevardnadze helped push through the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan in 1989 signed landmark arms control agreements and helped negotiate German reunification in 1990 a development that Soviet leaders had long feared and staunchly opposed.

Western leaders especially Germans would remain grateful for Shevardnadze's work as foreign minister. But in the former Soviet Union those nostalgic for a return to superpower status lumped Shevardnadze with Gorbachev in the ranks of the unpardonable.

Shevardnadze resigned in December 1990 warning that reform was collapsing and dictatorship was imminent. A year later the Soviet Union collapsed in the wake of an attempted hard-line coup against Gorbachev.

Shevardnadze returned to Georgia after its first elected president Zviad Gamsakhurdia was ousted in a coup in 1992; Shevardnadze was elected speaker of Parliament and became the country's leader. Gamsakhurdia died under mysterious circumstances in 1993 and Shevardnadze was elected president for a five-year term in 1995 after the country adopted a new constitution.

He survived two assassination attempts including an assault on his motorcade with anti-tank weapons. Many observers suggested the attacks blunted Shevardnadze's reformist impulses and left him interested only in holding onto power. Although he had pursued a pro-Western policy Georgia under Shevardadze became plagued by corruption and a deterioration of democracy.

In November 2003 massive demonstrations that became known as the Rose Revolution erupted after allegations of widespread fraud in a parliamentary election. Police maintained a low profile Shevardnadze later said he feared any police action against the demonstrators would lead to terrible bloodshed. After three weeks protesters led by future president Mikhail Saakashvili broke into a Parliament session where Shevardnadze was speaking and drove him out of the building.

Shevardnadze was born on Jan. 25 1928 in the village of Mamati near Georgia's Black Sea coast the fifth and final child in a rural family that hoped he would become a doctor. Instead he launched a political career at age 20 by joining the Communist Party and received a university degree only 31 years later from a teachers' institute.

He steadily rose through the ranks of the party its Komsomol youth organization and Georgia's police force until being named the republic's interior minister the top law enforcement official. He gained a reputation for purging corrupt Georgian officials and forcing them to give up ill-gotten cars mansions and other property.

Shevardnadze's anti-corruption campaign caught the attention of Soviet officials in Moscow and he was named Communist Party chief of Georgia in 1972. He eased censorship and permitted his republic to become one of the most progressive in the cultural sphere producing a stream of taboo-breaking films and theatrical productions.

Shevardnadze was appointed Soviet foreign minister in 1985. He resigned five years later to protest plans to use force to quell unrest in the Soviet Union. He joined Russian leader Boris Yeltsin in resisting an attempted coup against Gorbachev in August 1991 and returned to the foreign minister's job for a brief stint later that year as the Soviet Union sped toward extinction.

When he returned to Georgia he inherited a country wracked by chaos. Fighting broke out in 1990 in the northern province of South Ossetia bordering on Russia after the nationalist Georgian government voted to deprive the province of its autonomy.

A more serious secessionist uprising followed in the province of Abkhazia. The small region bordered by the Black Sea and Russia has been effectively independent since separatists drove out government forces during a 1992-93 war. The two sides reached a cease-fire in 1994 but peace talks on a political solution have stalled.

Even the capital Tbilisi was run by politically connected gangs and gang-related politicians and legislators had to be reminded to check their guns before entering Parliament. Shevardnadze managed to disarm the most notorious gang the Mkhedrioni or Horsemen in 1995 after the first attempt to kill him.

The political chaos was accompanied by economic hardship. Georgia lost Soviet-era orders for its factories. Every winter Georgians suffered gas and electricity outages. In spite of Shevardnadze's Communist-era record as a 'clean-hands" politician corruption gripped the country at every level.

Shevardnadze shepherded Georgia into the Council of Europe and said on occasions to Moscow's considerable irritation that Tbilisi would one day 'knock on NATO's door." US officials forged close ties with Shevardnadze and the US government gave his nation millions of dollars in aid in hopes of keeping Georgia in the western orbit.

Shevardnadze's wife Nanuli died in 2004. The couple had a daughter and a son.


 






  MENA News Headlines
 Aug 22 2014 - The Diabetes Protocol ReviewDoes Dr. Kenneth Pullmans Program WorkMENAFN Press
(MENAFN Press) Read Dr. Kenneth Pullman's Diabetes Protocol review and find out if it really treats diabetes and promotes a healthier lifestyle. A 100% natural treatment With no use of drugs and ...

 Aug 22 2014 - Truth About Dentists ReviewDOES IT REALLY WORKMENAFN Press
(MENAFN Press) What is Truth About Dentists program? Can you really get rid of expensive dentists? Read Truth About Dentists review and find out. The program can help create an extremely impressive ...

 Aug 22 2014 - Scottsdale Accident Lawyer Weighs in on Child Sports InjuryMENAFN Press
(MENAFN Press) Scottsdale Accident LawyerWith at least 20 million children involved in organized sports activities injuries are very likely to occur. What legal options do parents have in cases of ...

 Aug 22 2014 - The bac rac Outstanding Innovation in Back Pain Relief raises 15k on KickstarterMENAFN Press
(MENAFN Press) bac rac the outstanding innovation in back pain relief has successfully raised 100% of its funding target in just over 2 weeks on Kickstarter the crowd funding website.bac rac has ...

 Aug 22 2014 - San Diego Segway Tours by Wheel Fun Rentals Offers 50% Discount to End the Summer SeasonMENAFN Press
(MENAFN Press) To celebrate the end of a wonderful summer season and the start of a new school year San Diego Segway Tours by Wheel Fun Rentals is offering a 50 percent off coupon to anyone who ...

 Aug 22 2014 - Ortho Back-Up Launches a New Episode on their Weekly Tips to Prevent Back PainMENAFN Press
(MENAFN Press) Ortho Back-Up has launched a new episode on their Weekly Tips to Prevent Back Pain. The upcoming 6th episode is entitled Stretches for Your Back. This new episode is sure to give ...

 Aug 22 2014 - MrQuickPick Launches RideShare Partner ProgramMENAFN Press
(MENAFN Press) MrQuickPick the multiple award winning national car unlocking service has announced the commencement of their Partner Program that enables qualified Lyft and Uber drivers to offer ...

 Aug 22 2014 - Saudi - Agriculture sector advances 1.3Arab News
(MENAFN - Arab News) The Saudi stock market continued its positive movement and managed a fourth straight rise on Wednesday accumulating more than 56 points.The Tadawul All-Share Index (TASI) set out ...

 Aug 22 2014 - 20 Most Popular Family Cruise ShipsConsumer Reviews Reveal Most Popular Cruise ShipsMENAFN Press
(MENAFN Press) Built in 2009 the Oasis of the Seas and her sister ship the Allure of the Seas are the largest cruise ships afloat. At a cost of $1.4 billion apiece these floating palaces weigh about ...

 Aug 22 2014 - Hollande: France armed Syrian rebels 'a few months ago'Arab News
(MENAFN - Arab News) SAINT-PIERRE France: President Francois Hollande said on Thursday that France had delivered weapons to rebels battling the Syrian regime of Bashar Assad 'a few months ago.'The ...

more...


 






Google

Live Currency Rates

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country

IPO News
Islamic Finance News
Private Equity News

How-To Guides
Technology Section

Travel Section

Search News

Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

US Markets Details

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Investment Game
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary

My MENAFN
Portfolio Tracker

Voting

Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2000 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help