Quotes: MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

Oman- New evidence shows Rub al Khali was site of early human settlements  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Muscat Daily - 04/05/2014
No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!



(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Fresh evidence unearthed by archaeologists from new sites in Rub al Khali has further challenged the theory that the 'great expansion' of modern humans originated in Africa. 

It suggests the expansion happened through Arabia, and that the Empty Quarter, for most of human prehistory, was not so empty after all.

Modern humans first arose about 200,000 years ago in Africa. How they dispersed has long been debated, but geneticists have suggested this exodus started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. The accepted theory till 2011 was that the exodus from Africa traced Arabia's shores, rather than passing through its now-arid interiors. New site findings in Dhofar that year by paleolithic archaeologist Jeffery Rose, strengthened by studies in 2013, underscore scope of human presence in south Rub al Khali.

In 2011, Rose, who has researched in Oman for more than a decade and runs the Empty Quarter, in cooperation with the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, surprised the scientific community with findings from over 100 newly discovered Nubian Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites in Dhofar, confirming that modern humans left Africa through Arabia long before genetic evidence suggested and did so by venturing into the Arabian Peninsula instead of hugging its coasts. ''Since 2011 we have mapped approximately 250 Nubian Complex sites in Dhofar, including a new prehistoric culture we call the 'Mudayyan' (after a nearby village, Mudayy) which descends from those first Nubian Complex toolmakers in Arabia. This is significant because it tells us the Nubian Complex survived in southern Arabia, even after the climate dried out some 70,000 years ago, and became the first modern humans to populate the globe,'' said Rose.

In the winter of 2013, Rose's team carried out a preliminary survey in the southern Rub al Khali, in the region around Al Hashman. ''Among a handful of sites from the last million years, we fond a couple of 'findspots' with Nubian Complex artefacts. These findings underscore the scope of human presence in the southern Rub al Khali and it is no surprise that each of these periods of occupation corresponds to a pluvial cycle, in which heightened monsoon activity transformed the Rub al Khali into a savannah grassland dotted with playa lakes.''

These discoveries are just the tip of the iceberg, believes Rose, adding that there is much more to be learned about Oman's earliest past in the heart of the Rub al Khali. ''What all these new discoveries tell us is that the Nubians weren't constrained to Dhofar, but had expanded into the Empty Quarter, and ultimately northward into the deserts of Saudi, Jordan and Syria.''

This has been proven recently by Rose's PhD student Yamandu Hilbert, who has been carrying out archaeological survey in central and northern Saudi Arabia, where he too has found evidence for Nubian Complex toolmakers widespread across the entire Arabian Peninsula.

MSA sites around 106,000 years old

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago.

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago


 


Muscat Daily




  MENA News Headlines
 May 27 2016 - UAE plays vital role in development projects in JordanMENAFN
(MENAFN) Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD) and Jordan worked together towards achieving their sustainable development goals, supporting projects in fundamental sectors.Moreover, ADFD has funded ...

 May 27 2016 - Cairo USD 3.6bn residential project attracts foreign investmentMENAFN
(MENAFN) The Ministry of housing introduced Egypt's biggest upcoming project, USD 3.6bn Mountain View iCity, which will be launched in New Cairo.Furthermore, the project's main layout will encompass ...

 May 27 2016 - Qatar, Luxembourg trade relations growMENAFN
(MENAFN) Qatar and Luxembourg have viewed growth due to the exchange of official visits between the two sides and the signing of mutual deal on many areas.Moreover, Qatar sees innovation as a main ...

 May 26 2016 - Saudi- Living cost index in the Kingdom rises 0.2% in AprilSaudi Press Agency
(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Riyadh, Sha'ban 19, 1437, May 26, 2016, SPA -- The index of the cost of living in the Kingdom rose by 0.2% during the month of April 2016 compared to the previous month ...

 May 26 2016 - Governor of Riyadh Region receives Cyprus' AmbassadorSaudi Press Agency
(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Riyadh, Sha'ban 19, 1437, May 26, 2016, SPA -- Prince Faisal bin Bandar bin Abdulaziz, Governor of Riyadh region, received here today the Ambassador of Cyprus to the ...

 May 26 2016 - Israeli warplanes launch raids on Gaza StripSaudi Press Agency
(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Ramallah, 19 Sha'ban, 1437, May 26, 2016, SPA -- Israeli warplanes launched today a series of air raids on sites and targets in the Gaza Strip. Local security sources ...

 May 26 2016 - Saudi- Three dead, many injured in Mumbai chemical factory blastSaudi Press Agency
(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) New Delhi, Sha'ban 19, 1437, May 26, 2016, SPA -- At least three people have died and several have been injured in a huge blast at a chemical factory on the outskirts ...

 May 26 2016 - Turkmenistan's Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister receives Member of Saudi Council of Economic Affairs and DevelopmentSaudi Press Agency
(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Ashgabat, 19 Sha'ban, 1437,May 26, 2016, SPA --Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Turkmenistan Rasit Meredow has received in the Turkmen capital, Ashgabat, ...

 May 26 2016 - Saudi Ambassador meets Algerian officialsSaudi Press Agency
(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Algiers, 19 Sha'ban,1437 AH, 26 May,2016 , SPA - Saudi Ambassador in Algeria Dr. Sami bin Abdullah Al-Saleh visited here today the Governor of Algerian capital, Abdul ...

 May 26 2016 - Turkish flight to London makes emergency landing in BelgradeSaudi Press Agency
(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) BELGRADE, Serbia, Sha'ban 19, 1437, May 26, 2016, SPA -- Officials say a Turkish Airlines jet on a flight from Istanbul to London has made an emergency landing in ...

more...


 





Google

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country

Islamic Finance News
Private Equity News

How-To Guides
Technology Section

Travel Section

Search News

Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary


Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2014 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help