Quotes: MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

New evidence shows Rub al Khali was site of early human settlements  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Muscat Daily - 04/05/2014
No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!



(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Fresh evidence unearthed by archaeologists from new sites in Rub al Khali has further challenged the theory that the 'great expansion' of modern humans originated in Africa. 

It suggests the expansion happened through Arabia, and that the Empty Quarter, for most of human prehistory, was not so empty after all.

Modern humans first arose about 200,000 years ago in Africa. How they dispersed has long been debated, but geneticists have suggested this exodus started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. The accepted theory till 2011 was that the exodus from Africa traced Arabia's shores, rather than passing through its now-arid interiors. New site findings in Dhofar that year by paleolithic archaeologist Jeffery Rose, strengthened by studies in 2013, underscore scope of human presence in south Rub al Khali.

In 2011, Rose, who has researched in Oman for more than a decade and runs the Empty Quarter, in cooperation with the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, surprised the scientific community with findings from over 100 newly discovered Nubian Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites in Dhofar, confirming that modern humans left Africa through Arabia long before genetic evidence suggested and did so by venturing into the Arabian Peninsula instead of hugging its coasts. ''Since 2011 we have mapped approximately 250 Nubian Complex sites in Dhofar, including a new prehistoric culture we call the 'Mudayyan' (after a nearby village, Mudayy) which descends from those first Nubian Complex toolmakers in Arabia. This is significant because it tells us the Nubian Complex survived in southern Arabia, even after the climate dried out some 70,000 years ago, and became the first modern humans to populate the globe,'' said Rose.

In the winter of 2013, Rose's team carried out a preliminary survey in the southern Rub al Khali, in the region around Al Hashman. ''Among a handful of sites from the last million years, we found a couple of 'findspots' with Nubian Complex artefacts. These findings underscore the scope of human presence in the southern Rub al Khali and it is no surprise that each of these periods of occupation corresponds to a pluvial cycle, in which heightened monsoon activity transformed the Rub al Khali into a savannah grassland dotted with playa lakes.''

These discoveries are just the tip of the iceberg, believes Rose, adding that there is much more to be learned about Oman's earliest past in the heart of the Rub al Khali. ''What all these new discoveries tell us is that the Nubians weren't constrained to Dhofar, but had expanded into the Empty Quarter, and ultimately northward into the deserts of Saudi, Jordan and Syria.''

This has been proven recently by Rose's PhD student Yamandu Hilbert, who has been carrying out archaeological survey in central and northern Saudi Arabia, where he too has found evidence for Nubian Complex toolmakers widespread across the entire Arabian Peninsula.

MSA sites around 106,000 years old

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago.

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago


 


Muscat Daily




  MENA News Headlines
 May 25 2015 - Syria: Opposition forces kill 15 Assad regime soldiersThe Journal Of Turkish Weekly
(MENAFN - The Journal Of Turkish Weekly) Syrian opposition forces have killed 15 regime troops in operations in Aleppo, in northern Syria, the opposition said.The spokesman of what is referred to as ...

 May 25 2015 - Jordan calls for 'serious' Palestinian-Israeli talksThe Journal Of Turkish Weekly
(MENAFN - The Journal Of Turkish Weekly) Jordan called on Sunday for launching "serious" and "effective" negotiations between the Palestinians and the Israelis.Foreign Minister Nasser Judeh said the ...

 May 25 2015 - Libya pro-Brotherhood figures to attend Cairo meetingThe Journal Of Turkish Weekly
(MENAFN - The Journal Of Turkish Weekly) Some pro-Muslim Brotherhood figures from Libya will attend a Libyan tribal leaders' meeting scheduled to start in Cairo on Monday, an Egyptian newspaper ...

 May 25 2015 - Kuwaiti Singer Al-Rowaished HonoredArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Minister of Information and Minister of State for Youth Affairs Sheikh Salman Sabah Al-Salem Al-Humoud Al-Sabah honored Sunday singer Abdullah Al- Rowaished for acquiring an ...

 May 25 2015 - General Assembly Members Of Qadisiya Club Honors Team For Winning Amir CupArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) General Assembly members of Qadisiya Club Saoud Abdul Aziz Al-Babtain and Mohammad Abdul Aziz Al-Babtain organized a ceremony in honor of the number one football team in ...

 May 25 2015 - ALARGAN Posts KD 4.7mn Net Profit In 2014Arab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) ALARGAN International Real Estate Company held its ordinary General Assembly meeting on May 24, 2015, with an attendance level that reached 94.51 %. During the meeting, the ...

 May 25 2015 - KSE Kicks Off Week With 21.18 Pts DropArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Kuwait stocks pulled lower on Sunday after ending the previous week on dull note. The main index dropped 21.18 pts in lackluster trade to close at 631.09 pts as sentiment ...

 May 25 2015 - Kuwait Govt Woos Investors With Lucrative Business EnvironmentArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Kuwait has a lucrative business environment for foreign investors to ultimately see economic and human development, thus honoring His Highness the Amir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad ...

 May 25 2015 - Jordan- Govts Need To Invest More In Infrastructure: AlghanimArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Bring more Arab women into the workforce, invest in "bite-sized" infrastructure projects and get the private sector more involved in training young job seekers - these are the ...

 May 25 2015 - Shabaab Fighting In Somalia Kills 24 PeopleArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Fighting in south Somalia between al Shabaab militants and government forces killed at least 24 people, while a rebel attack in the capital killed three Transport Ministry ...

more...


 






Google

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country

Islamic Finance News
Private Equity News

How-To Guides
Technology Section

Travel Section

Search News

Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary


Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2014 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help