Quotes: MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

New evidence shows Rub al Khali was site of early human settlements  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Muscat Daily - 04/05/2014
No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!



(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Fresh evidence unearthed by archaeologists from new sites in Rub al Khali has further challenged the theory that the 'great expansion' of modern humans originated in Africa. 

It suggests the expansion happened through Arabia, and that the Empty Quarter, for most of human prehistory, was not so empty after all.

Modern humans first arose about 200,000 years ago in Africa. How they dispersed has long been debated, but geneticists have suggested this exodus started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. The accepted theory till 2011 was that the exodus from Africa traced Arabia's shores, rather than passing through its now-arid interiors. New site findings in Dhofar that year by paleolithic archaeologist Jeffery Rose, strengthened by studies in 2013, underscore scope of human presence in south Rub al Khali.

In 2011, Rose, who has researched in Oman for more than a decade and runs the Empty Quarter, in cooperation with the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, surprised the scientific community with findings from over 100 newly discovered Nubian Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites in Dhofar, confirming that modern humans left Africa through Arabia long before genetic evidence suggested and did so by venturing into the Arabian Peninsula instead of hugging its coasts. ''Since 2011 we have mapped approximately 250 Nubian Complex sites in Dhofar, including a new prehistoric culture we call the 'Mudayyan' (after a nearby village, Mudayy) which descends from those first Nubian Complex toolmakers in Arabia. This is significant because it tells us the Nubian Complex survived in southern Arabia, even after the climate dried out some 70,000 years ago, and became the first modern humans to populate the globe,'' said Rose.

In the winter of 2013, Rose's team carried out a preliminary survey in the southern Rub al Khali, in the region around Al Hashman. ''Among a handful of sites from the last million years, we found a couple of 'findspots' with Nubian Complex artefacts. These findings underscore the scope of human presence in the southern Rub al Khali and it is no surprise that each of these periods of occupation corresponds to a pluvial cycle, in which heightened monsoon activity transformed the Rub al Khali into a savannah grassland dotted with playa lakes.''

These discoveries are just the tip of the iceberg, believes Rose, adding that there is much more to be learned about Oman's earliest past in the heart of the Rub al Khali. ''What all these new discoveries tell us is that the Nubians weren't constrained to Dhofar, but had expanded into the Empty Quarter, and ultimately northward into the deserts of Saudi, Jordan and Syria.''

This has been proven recently by Rose's PhD student Yamandu Hilbert, who has been carrying out archaeological survey in central and northern Saudi Arabia, where he too has found evidence for Nubian Complex toolmakers widespread across the entire Arabian Peninsula.

MSA sites around 106,000 years old

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago.

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago


 


Muscat Daily




  MENA News Headlines
 Aug 31 2015 - Kuwait- Al-Mansour To Attend 2nd FIA-MENA MeetingArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) FIA media coordinator Osama Al-Mansour will leave next Tuesday 1/9/2015 to Beirut to attend the second meeting of FIA -MENA. The meeting will be held at Jounieh on Friday ...

 Aug 31 2015 - Kuwait- Fil-Q8 Win Volleyball Champ'ship FinalArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) A typically powerhouse performance has guided Fil-Q8 to a straight-sets win against La Plus Belle in the final championship volleyball match of Kuwait Philippines ...

 Aug 31 2015 - ABK To Participate In Annual Euromoney Kuwait ConferenceArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Al Ahli Bank of Kuwait (ABK) announced today its participation as co-sponsor in the upcoming 7th annual Euromoney Kuwait Conference where ABK's CEO, Michel Accad will be a ...

 Aug 31 2015 - Kuwait- PIC Protection System Tackles Electronic AttacksArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Many electronic attacks have been confronted by means of periodically developing the information network protection system and constantly activating monitoring systems, ...

 Aug 31 2015 - KSE Climbs 27.61 Pts Amid Lackluster TradeArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Kuwait stocks headed north on Sunday as it resumed trading after clocking steep losses in the previous week. The bourse climbed 27.61 points in lackluster trade to 5,904.12 pts ...

 Aug 31 2015 - Burgan Bank Announces Daily Lucky Winners Of Yawmi Account DrawArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Burgan Bank has announced the names of the lucky winners of its Yawmi Account draw, each taking home a prize of KD 5,000.The lucky winners for the daily draws took home a ...

 Aug 31 2015 - Austin Reed Launches First Kuwait StoreArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Austin Reed is pleased to announce the opening of its first store in Kuwait. The 724 sq ft store which is situated within the Marina Mall, houses the latest AW15 womenswear and ...

 Aug 31 2015 - Saudi Executes PakistaniArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Saudi authorities executed a Pakistani man on Sunday for attempting to smuggle drugs into the ultra-conservative kingdom, the interior ministry said. Up to 129 people have been ...

 Aug 31 2015 - Air Strike By Saudi-Led Coalition Kills 36 Civilians, Residents SayArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) An air strike by warplanes from a Saudi-led coalition killed 36 civilians working at a bottling plant in the northern Yemeni province of Hajjah on Sunday, residents said. In ...

 Aug 31 2015 - Beheaded Bishop 'Beatified' A Century After Death In LebanonArab Times
(MENAFN - Arab Times) Pope Francis on Sunday praised a Syrian Catholic bishop who has been beatified in Lebanon, a century after his beheading by Ottoman forces during a wave of religiously motivated ...

more...


 






Google

Click to Apply

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country

Islamic Finance News
Private Equity News

How-To Guides
Technology Section

Travel Section

Search News

Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary


Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2014 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help