Quotes: US MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

New evidence shows Rub al Khali was site of early human settlements  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Muscat Daily - 04/05/2014
No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!



(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Fresh evidence unearthed by archaeologists from new sites in Rub al Khali has further challenged the theory that the 'great expansion' of modern humans originated in Africa. 

It suggests the expansion happened through Arabia, and that the Empty Quarter, for most of human prehistory, was not so empty after all.

Modern humans first arose about 200,000 years ago in Africa. How they dispersed has long been debated, but geneticists have suggested this exodus started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. The accepted theory till 2011 was that the exodus from Africa traced Arabia's shores, rather than passing through its now-arid interiors. New site findings in Dhofar that year by paleolithic archaeologist Jeffery Rose, strengthened by studies in 2013, underscore scope of human presence in south Rub al Khali.

In 2011, Rose, who has researched in Oman for more than a decade and runs the Empty Quarter, in cooperation with the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, surprised the scientific community with findings from over 100 newly discovered Nubian Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites in Dhofar, confirming that modern humans left Africa through Arabia long before genetic evidence suggested and did so by venturing into the Arabian Peninsula instead of hugging its coasts. ''Since 2011 we have mapped approximately 250 Nubian Complex sites in Dhofar, including a new prehistoric culture we call the 'Mudayyan' (after a nearby village, Mudayy) which descends from those first Nubian Complex toolmakers in Arabia. This is significant because it tells us the Nubian Complex survived in southern Arabia, even after the climate dried out some 70,000 years ago, and became the first modern humans to populate the globe,'' said Rose.

In the winter of 2013, Rose's team carried out a preliminary survey in the southern Rub al Khali, in the region around Al Hashman. ''Among a handful of sites from the last million years, we found a couple of 'findspots' with Nubian Complex artefacts. These findings underscore the scope of human presence in the southern Rub al Khali and it is no surprise that each of these periods of occupation corresponds to a pluvial cycle, in which heightened monsoon activity transformed the Rub al Khali into a savannah grassland dotted with playa lakes.''

These discoveries are just the tip of the iceberg, believes Rose, adding that there is much more to be learned about Oman's earliest past in the heart of the Rub al Khali. ''What all these new discoveries tell us is that the Nubians weren't constrained to Dhofar, but had expanded into the Empty Quarter, and ultimately northward into the deserts of Saudi, Jordan and Syria.''

This has been proven recently by Rose's PhD student Yamandu Hilbert, who has been carrying out archaeological survey in central and northern Saudi Arabia, where he too has found evidence for Nubian Complex toolmakers widespread across the entire Arabian Peninsula.

MSA sites around 106,000 years old

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago.

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago


 






  MENA News Headlines
 Jul 30 2014 - Safe haven status boosts investment scope in UAEspanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) E political situation in the region has made Dubai into a magnet for families from across the region to set up home and establish regional or global offices for their ...

 Jul 30 2014 - Tech Mahindra eyes expansion in Saudi ArabiaspanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Ch Mahindra a specialist provider of connected solutions has announced that it has signed a joint venture agreement with Midad Holding which is a subsidiary of Al Fozan a ...

 Jul 30 2014 - Middle East earns 1 of global market research revenuesspanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) E entire Middle East region earned only a meager one per cent of the global market research revenues which indicates the potential for market research that is prevalent in ...

 Jul 30 2014 - Dewa to show smart initiatives at Gitex 2014spanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Bai Electricity and Water Authority or Dewa has announced its participation in Gitex 2014 to be held from October 12-16 at the Dubai World Trade Centre.Dewa will showcase its ...

 Jul 30 2014 - Sico first-half net profit jumps 166spanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Curities & Investment Company or SICO licensed by the Central Bank of Bahrain as a conventional wholesale bank announced its financial results for the second quarter of 2014 ...

 Jul 30 2014 - Taqa Arabia eyes Egypt expansionspanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Laa Holdings announced that its energy sector subsidiary Taqa Arabia aims to expand its network of fuel stations in Egypt through Taqa oil marketing company.The company ...

 Jul 30 2014 - Real estate to pick up from next week: Industry expertspanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Bai Land Department transactions exceeded Dh113b for H1 The real estate market in Dubai is expected to pick-up again from next week after a slowdown during the last couple of ...

 Jul 30 2014 - Memon to hand over five projects in 2014spanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Mpany working on Dh1.Memon Investments has planned to hand over five projects worth more than Dh600 million in the next five months and is also planning to launch five new ...

 Jul 30 2014 - ADFD funding in underdeveloped countries hit Dh61bspanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) E development finance institution articulates the UAEs continued commitment to support the development process of emerging countries.An exterior view of power plant in ...

 Jul 30 2014 - UK and US preferred by Arab travellers: MarriottspanKhaleej Times
(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) E US takes the lead when it comes to bookings with 20 per cent of all reservations closely followed by the UK which accounts for 16 per cent.Marriott International has ...

more...


 






Google

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country

IPO News
Islamic Finance News
Private Equity News

How-To Guides
Technology Section

Travel Section

Search News

Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

US Markets Details

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Investment Game
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary

My MENAFN
Portfolio Tracker

Voting

Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2000 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help