Quotes: MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

New evidence shows Rub al Khali was site of early human settlements  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Muscat Daily - 04/05/2014
No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!



(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Fresh evidence unearthed by archaeologists from new sites in Rub al Khali has further challenged the theory that the 'great expansion' of modern humans originated in Africa. 

It suggests the expansion happened through Arabia, and that the Empty Quarter, for most of human prehistory, was not so empty after all.

Modern humans first arose about 200,000 years ago in Africa. How they dispersed has long been debated, but geneticists have suggested this exodus started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. The accepted theory till 2011 was that the exodus from Africa traced Arabia's shores, rather than passing through its now-arid interiors. New site findings in Dhofar that year by paleolithic archaeologist Jeffery Rose, strengthened by studies in 2013, underscore scope of human presence in south Rub al Khali.

In 2011, Rose, who has researched in Oman for more than a decade and runs the Empty Quarter, in cooperation with the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, surprised the scientific community with findings from over 100 newly discovered Nubian Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites in Dhofar, confirming that modern humans left Africa through Arabia long before genetic evidence suggested and did so by venturing into the Arabian Peninsula instead of hugging its coasts. ''Since 2011 we have mapped approximately 250 Nubian Complex sites in Dhofar, including a new prehistoric culture we call the 'Mudayyan' (after a nearby village, Mudayy) which descends from those first Nubian Complex toolmakers in Arabia. This is significant because it tells us the Nubian Complex survived in southern Arabia, even after the climate dried out some 70,000 years ago, and became the first modern humans to populate the globe,'' said Rose.

In the winter of 2013, Rose's team carried out a preliminary survey in the southern Rub al Khali, in the region around Al Hashman. ''Among a handful of sites from the last million years, we found a couple of 'findspots' with Nubian Complex artefacts. These findings underscore the scope of human presence in the southern Rub al Khali and it is no surprise that each of these periods of occupation corresponds to a pluvial cycle, in which heightened monsoon activity transformed the Rub al Khali into a savannah grassland dotted with playa lakes.''

These discoveries are just the tip of the iceberg, believes Rose, adding that there is much more to be learned about Oman's earliest past in the heart of the Rub al Khali. ''What all these new discoveries tell us is that the Nubians weren't constrained to Dhofar, but had expanded into the Empty Quarter, and ultimately northward into the deserts of Saudi, Jordan and Syria.''

This has been proven recently by Rose's PhD student Yamandu Hilbert, who has been carrying out archaeological survey in central and northern Saudi Arabia, where he too has found evidence for Nubian Complex toolmakers widespread across the entire Arabian Peninsula.

MSA sites around 106,000 years old

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago.

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago


 


Muscat Daily




  MENA News Headlines
 Jan 26 2015 - FGB announces deal with Dalma EnergyEmirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) ABU DHABI, 25th January, 2015 (WAM) - FGB looks to maintain strong growth in 2015 having already closed a USD 313.7 million secured syndication facility on ...

 Jan 26 2015 - Dubai Islamic Bank Group net profit up by 63 per cent to AED 2.8 billion in 2014Emirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) DUBAI, 25th January, 2015 (WAM)-Dubai Islamic Bank (DFM: DIB), today announced that its net profit surged by 63 per cent to AED 2.80 billion, up 63 per cent in ...

 Jan 26 2015 - FCCI organises first Serbian Business and Investment ForumEmirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) ABU DHABI, 25th January 2015 (WAM) -- Federation of UAE Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FCCI) on Sunday organised the First Serbian Business and Investment ...

 Jan 26 2015 - DAE, Azul announce completion of Sale Leaseback TransactionsEmirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) DUBAI, 26th January, 2015 (WAM) - Dubai Aerospace Enterprise, DAE, and Azul Brazilian Airlines, today announced that they had recently completed delivery of 5 ...

 Jan 26 2015 - OPEC daily basket price for Friday 23rd January 2015Emirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) VIENNA, 26th January, 2015 (WAM) - The price of OPEC's basket of twelve crudes stood at US$ 43.69 dollars a barrel on Friday, compared with $43.05 the previous ...

 Jan 26 2015 - Sultan bin Zayed attends President's Cup for Junior and Young RidersEmirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) ABU DHABI, 22nd January, 2015 (WAM) - H.H. Sheikh Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the President's Representative and Chairman of the Emirates Heritage Club, today ...

 Jan 26 2015 - Sultan bin Zayed attends President's Cup for Junior and Young RidersEmirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) DUBAI, 22nd January, 2015 (WAM) - H.H. Sheikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai and UAE Minister of Finance, received a delegation from the ...

 Jan 26 2015 - Six flights delayed, 21 diverted at Kuwait Airport due to bad weatherEmirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) KUWAIT, 26th January, 2015 (WAM) - Six flights were delayed at the Kuwait International Airport, while 21 others were diverted to neighbouring airports when ...

 Jan 26 2015 - Sharjah Children's Biennial develops children's skills in design, composition and cinematographyEmirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) SHARJAH, 26th January, 2015 (WAM) - The Sharjah Children's Biennial, the first of its kind event dedicated to children in the UAE and the region, is organising ...

 Jan 26 2015 - RAK Ruler receives Al Shohooh Culture and Heritage Society's delegationEmirates News Agency (WAM)
(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) RAS AL-KHAIMAH, 26th January, 2015 (WAM) - H.H. Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Ras al-Khaimah, has received members and ...

more...


 






Google

Electronic & Mobile Payment

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country

Islamic Finance News
Private Equity News

How-To Guides
Technology Section

Travel Section

Search News

Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary


Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2014 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help