Quotes: MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

Oman- New evidence shows Rub al Khali was site of early human settlements  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Muscat Daily - 04/05/2014
No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!



(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Fresh evidence unearthed by archaeologists from new sites in Rub al Khali has further challenged the theory that the 'great expansion' of modern humans originated in Africa. 

It suggests the expansion happened through Arabia, and that the Empty Quarter, for most of human prehistory, was not so empty after all.

Modern humans first arose about 200,000 years ago in Africa. How they dispersed has long been debated, but geneticists have suggested this exodus started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. The accepted theory till 2011 was that the exodus from Africa traced Arabia's shores, rather than passing through its now-arid interiors. New site findings in Dhofar that year by paleolithic archaeologist Jeffery Rose, strengthened by studies in 2013, underscore scope of human presence in south Rub al Khali.

In 2011, Rose, who has researched in Oman for more than a decade and runs the Empty Quarter, in cooperation with the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, surprised the scientific community with findings from over 100 newly discovered Nubian Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites in Dhofar, confirming that modern humans left Africa through Arabia long before genetic evidence suggested and did so by venturing into the Arabian Peninsula instead of hugging its coasts. ''Since 2011 we have mapped approximately 250 Nubian Complex sites in Dhofar, including a new prehistoric culture we call the 'Mudayyan' (after a nearby village, Mudayy) which descends from those first Nubian Complex toolmakers in Arabia. This is significant because it tells us the Nubian Complex survived in southern Arabia, even after the climate dried out some 70,000 years ago, and became the first modern humans to populate the globe,'' said Rose.

In the winter of 2013, Rose's team carried out a preliminary survey in the southern Rub al Khali, in the region around Al Hashman. ''Among a handful of sites from the last million years, we fond a couple of 'findspots' with Nubian Complex artefacts. These findings underscore the scope of human presence in the southern Rub al Khali and it is no surprise that each of these periods of occupation corresponds to a pluvial cycle, in which heightened monsoon activity transformed the Rub al Khali into a savannah grassland dotted with playa lakes.''

These discoveries are just the tip of the iceberg, believes Rose, adding that there is much more to be learned about Oman's earliest past in the heart of the Rub al Khali. ''What all these new discoveries tell us is that the Nubians weren't constrained to Dhofar, but had expanded into the Empty Quarter, and ultimately northward into the deserts of Saudi, Jordan and Syria.''

This has been proven recently by Rose's PhD student Yamandu Hilbert, who has been carrying out archaeological survey in central and northern Saudi Arabia, where he too has found evidence for Nubian Complex toolmakers widespread across the entire Arabian Peninsula.

MSA sites around 106,000 years old

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago.

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago


 


Muscat Daily




  MENA News Headlines
 Jun 30 2016 - Tennis: Roger Federer ends Willis' Wimbledon fairytaleMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Marcus Willis'' Wimbledon fairytale came to an end against Roger Federer, but the British qualifier''s 6-0, 6-3, 6-4 defeat couldn''t ruin a day to remember for the new star ...

 Jun 30 2016 -  Tough love: psychology of Argentina's Messi relationshipMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Like neurotic parents, Argentines swung from criticism to unconditional love for their star footballer Lionel Messi this week, providing the soccer-mad nation''s many ...

 Jun 30 2016 -  Cricket: Anil Kumble takes charge with eye on bowlersMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Anil Kumble thinks a year - and 17 Test matches - is enough for India to make its mark on all three formats of cricket. Kumble''s one-year contract as coach of the national ...

 Jun 30 2016 - Golden age Hollywood starlet Olivia de Havilland turns 100Muscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Paris- Screen legend Olivia de Havilland, who turns 100 on Friday, is the last surviving star from "Gone with the Wind" and one of the last great stars of ...

 Jun 30 2016 - Obama to campaign with Clinton, Trump shrinks gapMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Washington- President Barack Obama will campaign with presumptive Democratic White House nominee Hillary Clinton for the first time next Tuesday, as a new poll shows a ...

 Jun 30 2016 - New York's Empire State Building to go dark for TurkeyMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) New York- New York''s famed Empire State Building will go dark on Wednesday in tribute to the 41 people killed and 239 wounded in a suicide attack at Istanbul''s main ...

 Jun 30 2016 -  Brazil has 'total confidence' in Olympics securityMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Rio de Janeiro- Brazil has "total confidence" that it can ensure security for more than half a million tourists and athletes attending the Rio Olympics this August, ...

 Jun 30 2016 -  Eight killed as fire guts pharmacy in IndiaMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Mumbai- Eight people were killed when a fire gutted a pharmacy in India''s financial capital Mumbai on Thursday, police said. One other person was seriously injured in the ...

 Jun 30 2016 -  Engine failure, errors by crew led to deadly Taipei crash: reportMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Taipei - A plane crash in Taiwan that killed 43 people when a passenger jet plunged into a river was caused by engine failure and flight crew errors, a damning final ...

 Jun 30 2016 - NY entrepreneur swapping start-ups for charityMuscat Daily
(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) New York- After making millions before turning 40, a New York-based entrepreneur is dreaming of transforming charitable giving by bringing his start-up stardust and ...

more...


 





Google

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country

Islamic Finance News
Private Equity News

How-To Guides
Technology Section

Travel Section

Search News

Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary


Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2014 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help